How to turn right – major to minor

Turning Right Major to Minor

Objectives: The routine is the same for turning left – major to minor. You should use the MSPSL routine for turning right as well.



M: Check your interior mirror and your right door mirror before applying your signal. Look out for anything behind you that may be attempting to overtake.
S: Make sure you signal in good time, so it benefits other road users. Be careful of signalling before the road you actually want.
P: Adjust your position so you’re up by the white centre lines but not over. This helps others know that you definitely intend to turn right and if the roads wide enough they can pass you on the left.
S: Reduce your speed to 10mph. If there are no approaching vehicles then select 2nd gear and bring your clutch back up. However, if a vehicle is approaching on the main road, you may need to slow down more. It’s best to try and time your approach. So, by the time you get to the right turn that car has already passed you and you can turn without stopping. If there’s lots of cars coming it’s not always possible to time your approach- so you will need to stop so the front of your car is in line with the centre lines of the minor road (the road you want to turn into).

L: You need to look ahead and into the minor road before you can turn. It’s important to judge the traffic on the main road correctly. So if you can walk across, then you can drive across – These are guidelines for a 30mph road.


AVOID: Corner cutting – this means turning too early that you go on the wrong side of the road.
Swan necking: this means turning after the centre lines. If you turn too late you could hit the kerb or the car behind might not think your turning right and then turn before you.
Pedestrians: If a pedestrian is standing around the corner, remember it’s your priority. However, if they look like they are going to step into the road you will need to be ready to give way. Pedestrians only have priority once they have stepped out into the road.
Cyclists: If you’re in slow moving traffic, just double check your door mirror incase a cyclist is coming up beside you. Avoid overtaking cyclists when approaching a junction.

Steering too slow or crossing hands? Try using a circular dinner plate to practice the pull and push method. Steering from top to bottom. Remember if you are turning right, then your left hand must let go. When you practice, both hands should look like they are mirroring each other.

Wrong gear going into the junction? The MSPSL routine should be done in good time. Once you know the corner your turning into, try touching the gear lever briefly with your hand (do not look down though). By finding out what gear you are in early can then help you determine what gear you want on the approach.

• Learn the routine MSPSL as quickly as you can.Try to do the MSPSL routine in order, this will contribute to a smoother and safer approach.
• Most pupils slow down too late at the beginning and then the turning is rushed.
• Slow down in good time – this will give you more thinking time.

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